Royal Enfield Ural SYM Scooters Moto Guzzi Kymco

Fall Maintenance Tips

The Scooterist

HELMET

Around the block or around the world, it makes sense to leave home with a helmet securely fastened on your head, since it’s one of the best items of protective gear you can use.

Helmets come in all sizes, from extra small (XS) to extra, extra large (XXL). There are also helmets for children. When you buy a helmet, make sure it fits properly. Try it on; it should be comfortable to wear, neither too tight nor too loose. Remember, it is going to spend a lot of time on your head. Always fasten the helmet’s chinstrap. If the helmet is not secured, it is doing about as much good as if it were on the shelf at home.

A good helmet will have an authentic Department of Transportation (DOT) sticker. This means the helmet was designed to meet DOT standards. Don’t buy a helmet without one; it may not provide the protection you need. Helmets vary greatly in price and style. Buy one that suits you and wear it. Fasten it every time you ride.

A good helmet makes scooter riding a lot more pleasurable. It reduces wind noise, minimizes windborne debris in your face/eyes, and helps prevent temperature extremes from becoming uncomfortable. Good helmets are made of modern lightweight materials with many designs and colors to choose from.

EYE PROTECTION

Riding with bare eyes is a gamble. Your eyes are precious, and it does not take much to injure them. An object hitting the eye at only four miles per hour may cause permanent damage.

Proper eye protection means an approved shield on your helmet, a pair of goggles, or shatterproof glasses. Settling for less just isn’t worth the risk. It’s also a matter of comfort, since wind quickly dries out the eyes. Make sure your eye protection is clean and unscratched. If you use a tinted lens or shield for riding in the bright sunlight, take a clear one along as well, in case you are riding after dark or in low light conditions.

JACKET

Jackets designed specifically for riding are made in many sturdy materials, such as denim, nylon in its various guises, and leather. Cowhide and other leathers offer good protection when it comes to abrasion.

You can buy leather jackets with zippered vents, which are comfortable to wear even in hot weather because as they allow a breeze to flow through. Synthetic material jackets (such as Cordura® or ballistic nylon) with integral body armor work well too.

PANTS

Pants used for riding should be made of thick material, such as leather or a tough synthetic material, to resist abrasion and provide protection from the elements. There are several brands of riding pants on the market, and a number of companies sell riding pants and jacket combinations that zip together.

GLOVES
Always wear gloves, even on a hot day. It will make it easier to operate the controls, and you never know when you might lose balance and use your hands to brace a fall. It also has to do with comfort; the car or truck in front of you may throw stones that could hit your fingers.

BOOTS

Use over-the-ankle boots, preferably made of strong leather since your ankles are very vulnerable. Boots also protect your feet and lower legs from abrasion.

Boots with slippery soles could cause embarrassment when you put your foot down at a greasy gas station or a tollbooth. Rubber soles with a good tread design offer better gripping potential.

RAIN GEAR

Inevitably, one day you will be caught out in the rain. Why not acquire a good rain suit designed for riding? Make sure it fits properly, and don’t forget rain-covers for your boots and gloves, since you’ll be a lot more comfortable riding in the rain if you’re dry.

HIGH-VISIBILITY GEAR

The easier it is for people to see you, the less likely they are to run into you. Brightly colored clothing or helmet is preferable to drab, dark clothing.

You can buy vests that are designed to make it easier for others to see you. Look for those with re- flective materials. Also, you can buy clothing with integral reflective strips, and you can place reflective strips on your helmet and the backs of your boots. Every little bit helps.

Don’t forget, operating a vehicle on public streets and highways is a privilege, not a right. If you ignore the laws of your state, your license may be taken from you.

Laws are intended to protect you, not to harass you. You may be the best and safest rider in the country, but these laws are designed for safe and predictable behavior by the motoring public.

Just think of the chaos if we didn’t have these laws. Respect them. You put yourself, your wallet, and others at risk if you choose to violate the law.

LICENSING REQUIREMENTS

These vary from state to state. Some states require a specific scooter or motorcycle license to operate on the street. Be sure to get one. Drop by your local motor vehicle department and ask for licensing information, or visit them online. The MSF also maintains a summary of state licensing information online at www.msf-usa.org.

INSURANCE AND REGISTRATION

Obtaining insurance is important. Most states require liability insurance (check your state’s laws). Shop around. Some companies provide a discount if you’ve taken a motorcycle safety or training course.

You can also get other coverage for you and your scooter, such as comprehensive, collision, medical payments, uninsured driver, etc. Ask your insurance agent what each type of coverage can do for you, and how much it will cost. It could end up being a very wise investment.

The better your driving record, the less costly your insurance. It pays to be safe. Registration is easy. Follow proper procedures and pay appropriate fees. Get a license plate to attach onto the back of the scooter.

To be a safe rider, get to know your scooter. It’s very different from a car since it makes more demands on its operator. The scooter accelerates, turns and stops smoothly according to your level of skill and knowledge. Therefore, the more you practice, the more skilled you will become.

Check your owner’s manual; not all scooters are exactly alike. There are large scooters (engine displacements of 650cc and over), small scooters (50cc) and everything in between. The scooter owner’s manual gives you many specifics you will find helpful in understanding and maintaining the scooter you’ve chosen.

As with other small displacement vehicles, certain models may not be allowed on highspeed, limited-access highways. Make sure to check your local laws. It takes a long time to become properly familiar with a scooter, so it is best not to lend it or to borrow one. Think of your scooter as being as personal as a toothbrush.

THE CONTROLS

There are some basic controls that are standard on scooters. Refer to your owner’s manual for variations from what is provided in this booklet.

Put the scooter on the center stand and sit on it. Become familiar with the controls and how to use them. Work the levers and pedals (if equipped). If something isn’t within easy reach of fingers or toes, maybe it can be adjusted to suit you. Check your owner’s manual.

Practice finding and using the turn signal switch. Learn the location of the horn button so you won’t have to look for it when somebody starts backing out in front of you. Figure out how the headlight dimmer switch works before it gets dark.

Become familiar with the reserve fuel valve, if there is one on your machine. When you are riding down the street and your engine hesitates (indicating it is running out of fuel), you want to be able to quickly turn to the reserve fuel supply. It is not fun or safe to be fumbling around when you are moving. Become familiar with the routing of your scooter’s various cables and hoses.

BRAKING IN A STRAIGHT LINE

Don’t ever forget: The front brake on your scooter can supply 70 percent or more of its stopping power. The single most important skill you can learn is to brake effectively by using both brakes every time you want to slow down.

Always apply both the front and the rear brakes at the same time. Apply them confi- dently, but not so hard that you lock up either wheel. A locked wheel causes the scooter to skid and may extend the stopping distance. Make sure the handlebars are straight, too.

The time to take your left foot off the floorboard and put it on the ground is just as the scooter comes to a complete stop. Refine your braking technique every chance you get. You can always become more skilled at it.

TURNING

When riding along a curved road, you must lean a scooter into a turn. Learning to lean is an essential part of riding. It is a normal function of the scooter when you are changing its path of travel – and quite different from turning the steering wheel of your car or truck.

To get the scooter to lean, press forward on the handgrip in the direction of the turn and maintain slight pressure to take you smoothly through the turn. In other words: press right to go right; press left to go left. Maintain a steady throttle. Demonstrate to yourself how a scooter moves by pressing forward on one side of the handlebar while traveling in a straight line. The scooter will move and lean in the direction of the handlebar side you pressed. Practice these techniques to achieve smooth cornering:

Slow before you enter a turn; keep your head and eyes up looking through the turn. Check well ahead for traffic and surface conditions.

If you do have to slow more while in the turn (probably because you did not slow enough before the turn!), do it gently with no sudden motions or hard braking.

Keep your feet on the floorboards and your knees in.

Lean with the scooter; don’t try to sit perpendicular to the road while the scooter is leaning over unless you are riding at a very low speed (below 5 mph).

Try to maintain an even throttle through the turn, or even accelerate a little. Some scooters have a bit of throttle lag time (from when the throttle is turned to when power is felt). You may have to start accelerating before you get to the turn.

CHECKING THE SCOOTER BEFORE THE RIDE

Who knows when Murphy’s Law may strike (Whatever can go wrong, will!), like that nail your tire might have picked up just before you turned into your driveway the other evening. It’s not fun to have things go wrong on a scooter, but if you spend a minute before you take off on a ride, you can increase the chances that nothing will go wrong.

Any information you’ll need, such as correct tire pressures or throttle adjustment, you’ll find in your owner’s manual. As soon as you finish this booklet, read the manual thoroughly. You will be much more acquainted with all the specifics of your scooter.

#1 Check the tires. They are one of the most important parts on your scooter. If your engine quits, you roll to a stop. If a tire quits – trouble! Make the effort to check the surface of the tires, looking for cuts in the rubber or foreign objects – like a nail. Check the tire pressures with a good gauge. If a tire is low every time you check it, even though you have added the proper amount of air each time, you have a slow leak. Fix it before it becomes a fast leak.

#2 Check the controls. Cables are quite strong and rarely break, but look for kinking or stiffness or anything unusual in their operation.

#3 Check the lights, including brake light, headlights, and turn signals, to make sure everything works. Also check your horn and mirror adjustments.

#4 Check the oil and fuel. If the scooter engine is liquid-cooled, check the coolant levels.

#5 Check the chassis (frame) and suspension. Look for damage or cracks in the floorboards and make sure that the scooter will move freely up and down when you put weight on the handlebars or seat.

#6 Make sure the center stand works properly. If a retraction spring is weak, broken or missing, replace it.

#7 As you move out, check your brakes. Make sure they are working properly. Now go enjoy the ride!

MAINTENANCE

There’s not much day-to-day maintenance for most modern scooters, but do what you can do, including your pre-ride checks. Your scooter has a regular service schedule listed in the owner’s manual. Unless you are an accomplished mechanic, we recommend these services be performed by an authorized dealer.

Keeping your scooter clean is a good idea. Dirt can often cover up potential problems. Check your battery every month and make sure it has a strong charge. Make sure the fluid level is where it should be. If it is low, top it off with distilled water.

Always take a tool kit along when you go for a ride. You never can tell when it will come in handy. Use the tools to check the scooter occasionally and make sure no screws or bolts are loose.

You should always have your owner’s manual with the scooter. It tells you where the fuse box is in the unlikely event a fuse fails. It may also tell you how to remove a wheel should you have a flat tire.

Flat tires are pretty rare occurrences on scooters, but they can happen. For this, you can either get on the phone to the dealer, or temporarily fix it yourself with a tire repair kit. You may want to have it replaced as soon as you can (check with your dealer). We recommend that you carefully read the directions at home, rather than have your first shot at fixing a flat happen alongside a deserted road in the middle of the night when you don’t have enough light to read the directions.

TROUBLESHOOTING

Little things may happen to the scooter that may be cause for concern. Don’t panic until you check out the obvious.

#1 If the engine doesn’t start:
• Is the ignition on?

• Is there fuel?

• Is the battery too weak?

• Is there a loose battery connection?

• Is the engine cutoff switch in the OFF position?

• If equipped, is the choke in the appropriate position?

#2 If the engine stops when you don’t want it to:
• Did you accidentally move the engine cutoff switch?

• Did you run out of fuel?

• Did a fuse fail?

#3 If the scooter feels unstable or wobbles as you go down the road, especially in a curve, pull over and stop as soon as it is safe to check your tires. You may have a flat tire or low tire pressure. Check your suspension.

You may have it adjusted incorrectly. Your owner’s manual is the best reference for proper settings and adjustments.

#4 If you detect any problems with the scooter – doesn’t feel right, doesn’t handle properly, doesn’t sound right – that you can’t figure out yourself, take it to your dealer.

Think about the problem so you can describe it to the service manager. Remember, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. Pushing a scooter is not fun!

Highway, Byway, Street and Alley

This is what it all comes down to: you, your scooter, the road and the traffic. There are millions of miles of roads in this country, from one-lane dirt roads to multi-lane highways. When you ride, the surface conditions, traffic, and the weather constantly change. You have to be aware of a lot of things. Daydreaming when you’re riding a scooter isn’t a good idea. Things happen quickly out there on the road, and you have to be prepared for them.

THE SEE SYSTEM

Here is a good reminder for riding safely in traffic. The SEE strategy is for safer and more responsible riding. Use it effectively and you’ll cover many safe, happy miles on your scooter.

SEARCH around you for potential hazards.

EVALUATE any possible hazards, such as turning cars, railroad tracks, etc.

EXECUTE the proper action to avoid the hazard.

INCREASE YOUR VISIBILITY TO OTHERS

What’s the most common explanation from the automobile driver who just turned in front of a scooter? “Gee, officer, I didn’t see it.” It’s a sad truth. You’re not as large as an 18- wheeler. Too often motorists don’t see you because they aren’t looking for you, so you have to attract their attention. Assume you are invisible, and leave plenty of time and space to react to problems.

Many scooter headlamps are hard-wired, which means that the headlight goes on whenever the engine is running or the key is turned on.

We’ve said it before, we’ll say it again: Wear bright clothing and utilize reflective material whenever appropriate. The largest surface that a following driver usually sees is the clothing on your upper back. Make it stand out. Always signal your intentions. Change lanes or make a turn using your turn signals in advance. You want to be sure that the people around you know what you are about to do. And it sometimes helps to add hand signals to your turn signals when you really want others to know you are present and asking for their cooperation.

Remember to cancel your signals when you’ve completed your maneuver; otherwise, drivers will get misleading information from you. Don’t be shy about using your horn. If pedestrians or drivers are dozing or about to pull a non-thinking maneuver, give them a BEEP. You want to make them aware of what you are doing and announce your presence, but don’t count on it helping because they may not hear it. Always leave yourself adequate time and space for a safety margin.

Position your scooter where it can be seen. Don’t put yourself behind a large truck or ride in the blind spot of a vehicle near you. Make yourself seen.

HELPING YOU TO SEE OTHERS

The other half of the visibility battle is being alert and seeing everything around you. Use your eyes effectively as you look for factors that could affect you. Don’t get fascinated by that sports car off to your right, or go rubbernecking at a crash scene. If your eyes are locked on one thing, you may be missing an important factor or situation.

Look ahead and to the sides. Look in your mirrors and over your shoulders. Keep looking! Keep SEEing! Anticipate the oncoming left-turning driver, the reckless fool coming up behind you, the car poking its nose out of the driveway, the person beside and a little behind you who’s moving across the lane-dividing lines. Never let your eyes fix on an object. Keep looking around to pick up things that could affect you.

Always keep at least a two-second gap between you and the vehicle you are following. For example, when it goes by a telephone pole, count “one-thousand-one, onethousand- two”; and then you should pass that pole. Leave yourself more distance as an extra margin of safety.

INTERSECTIONS

It probably surprises no one to know that the majority of crashes between a scooter and a car happen at intersections – the most frequently occurring situation is a vehicle turning left in front of the scooter.

Any intersection is potentially hazardous, whether it has stoplights, stop signs, or is unmarked. The same is true for alleys and driveways.

Always check for traffic to the left and right. Look for others who might ignore stop signs or traffic lights. Check for traffic behind you to make sure no one is about to hit you from behind. Flashing your brake light may help them see you.

PASSING OTHER VEHICLES

The procedure for passing another vehicle is the same whether you are riding a scooter or driving a car. Make sure you have enough power to pass in the space that’s available. Remember, some scooters don’t have enough power to accelerate quickly at street speeds. Know what your scooter can and can’t do!

If you decide it’s safe to pass, you should be two (or more) seconds behind the vehicle you want to pass, and have positioned yourself in the left portion of your lane.

This position makes it easier to check oncoming traffic and the road to make sure you have enough distance to pass safely. Don’t even think about overtaking if you are approaching a corner, driveway or intersection.

If you have room ahead to make the pass, look in your mirrors, turn the signal on, and check over your shoulder. That head check is essential because someone might have just moved into your blind spot, intent on overtaking you. Always remember the head check.

Everything clear? Move into the left lane and pass the car/truck/buggy/whatever. Do not crowd closely to the vehicle you are passing; you should be more or less in the center of the lane you are passing in. Get by this vehicle as quickly as possible without exceeding the speed limit.

Before returning to your original lane, signal your intention and use a head check to make sure that there is enough room between you and the vehicle you just passed.

Return to your lane, cancel your signal, and proceed merrily along – with care, of course. Continue to SEE.

TAILGATERS

Tailgaters are a special problem to you. They are simply following too closely to stop safely if you have to stop quickly.

You can flash your brake light to warn the tailgater that you are slowing. Slowing will increase your distance from the vehicle in front of you, giving you (and the tailgater!) more time/distance to react to some emergency ahead.

You should also stay close to the center of the lane. (If you move to the far right or far left of your lane, you might give the tailgater the idea that it would be OK to pass you in your lane!) If all else fails, you should consider giving a turn signal and simply pull off the road and let the tailgater go by. Remember, if the tailgater makes a mistake, you might be the one who has to pay the price!

NIGHT RIDING

You may have to ride at night. After all, it is dark around 50 percent of the time!

Dusk may be the worst time, when people’s eyes are adjusting from daylight to headlights. Be especially careful just after sunset.

Usually it is advisable to slow down a little when riding at night, especially on any sort of winding road.

Use your own headlight and those of other vehicles to keep an eye on the road surface. It is more difficult at night to see the patch of sand or something that fell out of a pickup truck.

The distance between you and the vehicle in front becomes even more important at night. Give yourself room to react, room to SEE.

Wear a clear face shield without scratches. A scratched shield can create light refraction that might confuse you; two headlights can look like four, and you don’t know who is coming from where. One of your biggest hazards at night may be a “who” coming from a few hours of drinking. Be especially alert for drivers and vehicles doing odd things, like weaving in and out of traffic, and give them lots of room.

Handling Special Situations

In the best of all worlds the temperature would always be 78 degrees, the wind would be at your back, and no emergencies would arise. Since it is an imperfect world, be prepared for whatever happens.

EMERGENCY BRAKING

Sometimes you have to stop as quickly as possible. Here are some tips on how to get you and your scooter halted quickly:

• Apply both brakes for their maximum effectiveness, just short of locking them up. Practice in an open place with a good surface, such as a clean parking lot.

• Keep the scooter upright and traveling in a straight line, and look where you’re going.

• You don’t want to lock the front brake. If the front wheel begins to skid, release the front brake lever for a split second, then immediately reapply it with slightly less pressure.

• If your rear wheel locks up, keep your straight-line balance. You will skid in a straight line, which is better than skidding when leaned over. You have a more important priority, and that is to get stopped! Read on and we will talk more about “skids.”

BRAKING WHILE LEANED INTO A CURVE

Using SEE will help you avoid this, but sometimes it might be necessary.

You can brake (with both brakes) while leaned over, but you must do it gradually and with less force than if the scooter is straight. This is because there is less braking capability when your scooter is leaned over.

For maximum braking efficiency in an emergency (and when traffic and roadway conditions permit), straighten the scooter by straightening the handlebars, then brake hard.

You will want to practice both of these techniques in a parking lot, before you have to do it on the street.

COPING WITH A SKID

A skid – that’s when your heart leaps up to your throat because your wheels have lost traction! You might hit a patch of sand on a mountain curve, or a puddle of oil as you’re slowing for a stoplight. It can be a frightening experience on two wheels, but a skilled scooterist can handle a skid.

At a highway speed, sand-in-the-corner skid, steer slightly in the direction of the skid (if you’re leaned to the left and the rear tire is skidding to the right, press forward a bit on the right handgrip). Chances are the scooter will straighten up, and you’ll continue on your way.

Should you hit a slippery spot while you’re braking for a stop sign, release the brakes for an instant, and reapply them a little more gently. You want those tires to have traction. At higher speeds when traction is good and the rear wheel skids because of too much brake pressure, do not release the rear brake unless the scooter is absolutely straight.

If your scooter’s back end is skidding sideways because the tire is on a slick spot and simply spinning, ease off on the throttle. A spinning wheel provides no more control than a locked wheel.

RIDING ACROSS POOR ROAD SURFACES

Here are a few simple rules to follow when you anticipate riding over sand, mud, water or any loose surface or obstruction in the road. These are the kinds of maneuvers that require you to have good basic skills:

• If there is traffic in the area, make sure that the drivers are aware you are slowing.

• Try to cross the bad surface in a straight line, or at least do not abruptly change direction or speed.

• Maintain the balance of the scooter.

• If you are moving along and have to go over an obstruction that is lying across the road, like a 2 in. by 4 in. piece of wood, rise up on the floorboard and shift your weight back as your front wheel comes up to the obstacle. This will make it easier for the front wheel to bounce up and over. Then move your weight forward to help the rear wheel get over. Use your legs as shock absorbers by bending your knees as you cross over.

• Do not accelerate until your scooter is completely over the obstacle.

STEEL BRIDGE GRATINGS, RAIN GROOVES AND RAILROAD CROSSINGS

Steel-mesh bridges can be unnerving. Keep an even throttle and keep the scooter straight. If there is a vibration in the handlebars, do not fight it or grip the handgrips too tightly. The vibration is natural feedback from your tires going over the grating.

You may come upon rain grooves in the highways. This is when the road surface, usually concrete, has several dozen grooves running lengthwise down each lane. The purpose of the grooves is to prevent cars and trucks from losing traction when it rains.

The reaction of the scooter to these grooves often has to do with the tread pattern on the tires. Sometimes it feels as though the scooter is getting a flat tire, with a squishy back-and-forth sideways motion. Don’t worry; just keep going straight. Don’t fight the handlebars.

There is nothing dangerous about these rain grooves – it just feels funny to ride on them.

For railroad crossings, it is usually safe to ride straight within your lane to cross the tracks. For track and road seams that run parallel to your path, move far enough away from the tracks to cross at an angle of at least 45 degrees. Then make a quick, sharp turn.

RAIN

Haul out the rain gear that you’ve stowed in a handy spot. It is also a good idea to stop and put on your rain gear before it actually starts to rain.

Be most cautious when it first starts to rain. That is when the water goes into all the dimples in the road, and the oil residue from passing vehicles floats to the top. That gets slippery!

A wise scooterist will stop riding when it starts to rain. Who knows, it could all be over in 15 minutes, and you won’t even have to put on your rain gear.

After a while the oil will be washed off to the side of the road. However, traction on a wet surface will not be as good as on a dry road. Use caution.

WIND

Strong winds can create problems. A constant 25 mph wind from the side can make for a challenging ride. Gusty wind is the worst. You might have to lean a bit into the wind to maintain your position. Keep the scooter toward the side of the lane where the wind is coming from. This is in case a big gust moves you over. Expect it and be ready to react.

ANIMALS

The biggest problem is with domestic animals, i.e., dogs. Most seem to have an urge to chase a moving vehicle. Those that don’t chase may wander into your path. Don’t let one distract you and cause a spill.

Here are three rules:

• Slow down well before you reach the animal.

• Do not – repeat – do not kick at the animal.

• If the animal might intercept you, speed up before the interception point. It will throw the animal’s timing off.

If a deer jumps out in front of you on a country road, but is far enough ahead not to be worried about – watch out for its mate. They tend to travel in pairs. Hitting a deer with a scooter is not the preferred way to put venison on the table.

Equipment Failures

If your scooter is properly maintained, you greatly reduce the possibility of any equipment failure . However, just in case . . .

BLOWOUTS

Use tires of good quality, keep them at the proper pressure and change them when the tread is worn. Should a blowout occur on either of your tires, you must act quickly and properly.

#1 Do not use the brakes; braking hard will only make things worse. If you must brake, apply gradual pressure to the brake on the good tire.

#2 Ease off on the throttle and slow down gradually; rapid deceleration could throw the scooter out of control. Ease over to a safe spot.

#3 Hold those handgrips firmly; a great shuddering may take place as the out-of-round tire flops against the pavement, but you are concerned only with keeping that front wheel pointing ahead until you stop.

STUCK THROTTLE

Chances are you will never have a throttle stick, but if you do, you need to know how to respond to it by using the cutoff switch. Always using the cutoff switch to stop the engine (before you turn off the ignition key) helps you develop the habit of using the cutoff switch for when you really need it.

If you use the cutoff switch for an emergency, be sure to have a safe place to coast to a stop. Use SEE to have plenty of time and space.

Group Riding and Passengers

RIDING IN A GROUP

It is useful if before taking off on a group ride to get two or three hand signals organized among the participants: “Let’s stop”; “Need gas”; “I’m hungry.”

A few rules for the group:

• Riding in a group of more than five scooters can become confusing both for the group and other traffic around you. If there are too many people, break up into smaller groups.

• Ride in a staggered formation, with first scooter on the left side of the lane, second on the right side, etc., but not side by side.

• Always keep at least a two-second following distance from the scooter directly in front of you.

• At a stoplight or stop sign, wait in side-by-side pairs.

• Pass other vehicles individually, when safe – not in pairs or groups.

CARRYING A PASSENGER

Good company is always nice, but putting extra weight on the scooter will affect its handling. Make sure your scooter is designed to carry a passenger (the seat is large enough for two people and there are footrests for the passenger). Adjust the suspension and tire pressure to compensate for the weight of the passenger. (Check your owner’s manual.)

Also realize that your braking capabilities have changed. The more weight you have on the scooter, the more time and distance it will take to stop.

Passengers should be instructed to mount from the left side, and to warn you before they climb on. This goes a long way to preventing a muddled heap lying on the ground before you even get started.

Passengers need the same protective gear that you do – proper clothes and helmet. Ten-foot scarves flapping in the wind may look dashing, but not on a scooter. Make sure that long shoelaces are securely tied so dangling ends won’t get caught in the moving parts of the scooter.

Never carry anyone sidesaddle. Passengers should always be properly seated with their feet securely planted on the footrests. Tell passengers not to put a foot down when you come to a stop, since this can make you lose your balance.

Tell passengers not to come in contact with hot parts, such as the muffler. Also, rubber soles that contact hot parts can leave a mess. Instruct passengers to hold onto your waist or hips. Ask them to lean forward slightly when you leave from a stop or accelerate along the roadway.

Also, when you brake, passengers should be firmly braced against your waist and should lean back slightly. You don’t want their weight to shift forward.

Advise passengers not to lean unless you do. You do not want the person behind hanging off the scooter; that will do funny things to the steering. However, when you lean going around a corner, passengers should lean as well. So have them look over your shoulder in the direction of the turn when you go through a corner; that will put their weight where you want it.

Practice with a passenger in a safe area, such as a parking lot, before venturing out onto the roadway.

Loading the Scooter

Whether it is a carton of milk from the convenience store, or camping gear for a threeweek trip, you may end up carrying more than people on your scooter.

All loads should be secured to the scooter. Do not balance a bag of groceries on the floorboard for a short ride home. Strap it on the back seat with bungee cords or an elastic cargo net.

There are appropriate places to carry loads on a scooter, but they do not include the front of the scooter. If your scooter has saddlebags or storage underneath the seat, you’re set. If your scooter has none of this, you can always buy a luggage rack, as they can be quite useful.

When you load saddlebags, keep equal weight on both sides. This is even more important when you are using soft throw-over bags, as an imbalance can cause one side to drop down and rest on the muffler. A blazing saddlebag is no joke.

Keep the weight relatively light in your travel trunk or on your luggage rack. Avoid carrying heavy items behind the rear axle. It can turn a well-handling scooter into a poor-handling contraption.

Check the security of the load frequently, and make sure nothing is dangling. It is one thing to lose part of your luggage, quite another to get it tangled up in a wheel.

Above all, DO NOT EXCEED THE GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) of your scooter! The best place to look for that number is in the owner’s manual. It includes the weight of the scooter, gasoline, oil and coolant, the rider(s), and the luggage.

Drinking, Drugs and Riding

Mixing alcohol or other drugs with riding is like putting nitro with glycerin: there’s a dangerous reaction.

Alcohol is a depressant. The first thing to go is your good judgment – and bad judgment gets you into trouble. Drinking riders tend to run off the road more often, have a high frequency of rider error, use excessive speed for conditions around them, and tend to miss important clues in traffic that can spell trouble.

It takes a long time for the effects of alcohol to be cleared from your body, roughly one hour for each bottle of beer, glass of wine, or shot of liquor. Nothing but time will remove that alcohol – not showers, coffee, or other so-called remedies.

If you are going to drink, don’t even think about riding. Period.

Alcohol is not the only drug that affects your ability to ride safely. Whether it is an overthe- counter, prescription or illegal drug, it may have side effects that increase the risks of riding. Even common cold medicines could make you drowsy – too drowsy to ride – and mixing alcohol with other drugs is even more dangerous than using either alone.

Conclusion

There is no conclusion to being a better scooterist. Riding a scooter is a constant learning experience. Get trained and licensed; Be a lifelong learner; Wear proper protective gear; Ride Straight; Ride within your personal limits.

You’ll never know all there is to know about riding. But a year from now, you’ll know a lot more than you do now. Keep renewing your skills and attitude about safe riding practices.

Have a good time, don’t do anything foolish, and we hope to see you on the road. It’s going to be a great ride!